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Citace PRO



  • it helps organize and search through your personal library, annotate documents and cite as you write


  • a search tool that automatically senses content in your web browser, allowing you to add it to your personal library with a single click


Referencing & Citing


  • Citing is the process of including details of your sources within the text of your assignment. This is also known as an in-text citation.
    • Example: Our results are closely linked to papers of Kilian et al. (2009) and Riggi and Venditti (2015) who also examine the oil market and its relations to real economic activity or the level of export.


  • Referencing is the process of acknowledging in detail all the information sources (books, journal articles, images, data, web pages etc.) that you have used in completing an assignment.
  • References form a list with full details of sources placed at the end of an assignment or paper.
    • Example:

ALQUIST, R., and KILIAN, L. (2010). What Do We Learn from the Price of Crude Oil
Futures? Journal of Applied Econometrics, 25(4), 539-73.

AASTVEIR, K. A., BJORNLAND, H. C., and THORSRUD, L. A. (2015). What Drives
Oil-price? Emerging versus Developed Economies. Journal of Applied Econometrics,
30(7), 1013-1028. DOI: 10.1002/jae.1159

APARGIS, N., and MILLER, S. M. (2009). Do structural oil-market shocks affect stock
price? Energy Economics, 31(1), 569–575. DOI: 10.1016/j.eneco.2009.03.001

 How to use APA, Harvard, Chicago style and more, see


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