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Academic writing is an integral part of the scientific communication cycle. Adherence to the principles of creating a professional text affects the successful acceptance of the text for publication and can also help to obtain the appropriate scientific impact.

Principles of Academic Writing

A professional text should meet these basic characteristics:

  • to answer the questions and demonstrate understanding of the subject of investigation,
  • to be structured, logically divided, group related topics and findings into a whole and a relationship,
  • statements, opinions, and arguments should be supported by facts, data, and evidence,
  • properly cite all sources used, 
  • have a formal, clear, balanced, consistent, and terminologically accurate writing style.

Text Structure

The structure of the professional text depends on the type and scope of the work.

It is possible to use the IMRAD method in scientific professional articles.

Good preparation of a scientific text includes careful study of the instructions for authors, in which the publisher of scientific journal defines the basic formal requirements of the text, including its structure.

Instruction for Authors

Online Course on Academic Writing

The e-learning course focuses on research methods and searching in various databases. It was developed as part of the project TL01000274 (Publish and Flourish: Publication Activity Support for PhD Students and Their Supervisors) supported by Technology Agency of the Czech Republic, the ÉTA Programme.

The complete course consists of 4 parts:

Academic Integrity and Plagiarism Prevention

Academic employees and students are obliged to adhere to the Code of Ethics of VSB – Technical University of Ostrava, which defines integrity and honesty as the basic principle of academic, scientific, educational, and study work. 

The field of academic writing requires the adherence to the basic principles of professional text writing and the conscious approach in writing so that it carries no signs of plagiarism.

 Free tool to check originality of the text: Unicheck Plagiarism Checker

Useful Information Resources

  • Reference Management Tools
  • Proofreading Tools
    The proofreading process may be time-consuming. There are useful tools that can help you avoid spelling and grammar mistakes. Because these programs operate with limited rules, they cannot detect all errors and often make mistakes. They also do not provide a detailed explanation to help you understand why a sentence should be revised. 
    • Writefull
      Advanced proofreading for academic writing. You can check your text online, or download widgets for MS Word or Overleaf. 
  • Collaborative Writing Tools
    Collaborative writing tools are online platforms for group writing, editing, reviewing, and approving content before it’s published. These allow multiple people to work on a single piece of content at once. 
    • Overleaf
      An online LaTeX editor for collaborative writing and publishing.